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Examples include improving the state of the natural environmentencouraging the observance of human rightsimproving the welfare of the disadvantaged, or representing a corporate agenda.
However, there are a huge number of such organizations and their goals cover a broad range of political and philosophical positions. This can also easily be applied to private schools and athletic organizations. Track II diplomacy[ edit ] Main article: Track II diplomacy Track II dialogue, or Track II diplomacy, is transnational coordination that involves non-official members of the government including epistemic communities as well as former policy-makers or analysts.
Track II diplomacy aims to get policymakers and policy analysts to come to a common solution through discussions by unofficial means.
Unlike the Track I diplomacy where government officials, diplomats and elected leaders gather to talk about certain issues, Track II diplomacy consists of experts, scientists, professors and other figures that are not involved in government affairs.
The members of Track II diplomacy usually have more freedom to exchange ideas and come up with compromises on their own. Activities[ edit ] There are numerous classifications of NGOs.
The typology the World Bank uses divides them into Operational and Advocacy. Firstly, NGOs act as implementers in that they mobilize resources in order to provide goods and services to people who are suffering due to a man-made disaster or a natural disaster.
Secondly, NGOs act as catalysts in that they drive change. They have the ability to 'inspire, facilitate, or contribute to improved thinking and action to promote change'. Lastly, NGOs often act as partners alongside other organizations in order to tackle problems and address human needs more effectively.
Some act primarily as lobbyists, while others primarily conduct programs and activities. For instance, an NGO such as Oxfamconcerned with poverty alleviation, may provide needy people with the equipment and skills to find food and clean drinking waterwhereas an NGO like the FFDA helps through investigation and documentation of human rights[ citation needed ] violations and provides legal assistance to victims of human rights abuses.
Others, such as the Afghanistan Information Management Servicesprovide specialized technical products and services to support development activities implemented on the ground by other organizations. Operational[ edit ] Operational NGOs seek to "achieve small-scale change directly through projects".
They hold large-scale fundraising events and may apply to governments and organizations for grants or contracts to raise money for projects.
They often operate in a hierarchical structure; a main headquarters being staffed by professionals who plan projects, create budgets, keep accounts, and report and communicate with operational fieldworkers who work directly on projects. Operational NGOs can be further categorized by the division into relief-oriented versus development-oriented organizations; according to whether they stress service delivery or participation; whether they are religious or secular; and whether they are more public- or private-oriented.
Although operational NGOs can be community-based, many are national or international. The defining activity of operational NGOs is the implementation of projects.
They must plan and host demonstrations and events that will keep their cause in the media. They must maintain a large informed network of supporters who can be mobilized for events to garner media attention and influence policy changes. The defining activity of campaigning NGOs is holding demonstrations.
The primary purpose of an Advocacy NGO is to defend or promote a specific cause. As opposed to operational project management, these organizations typically try to raise awareness, acceptance and knowledge by lobbying, press work and activist event.News Dive into the world of science!
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Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human .
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