Pneumonia Essay Pneumonia Essay Pneumonia, an inflammation of the lungs caused by an infection. The infection that it is caused by is a bacterial infection. It also, can be caused by viruses, fungi, or by breathing certain harmful chemicals, which irritate the tissues of the lung.
Pneumonia has been a common disease throughout human history. The symptoms were described by Hippocrates c. Bacteria were first seen in the airways of individuals who died from pneumonia Edwin Klebs in Pneumonia essay work identifying the two common bacterial causes Streptococcus pneumoniae and Klebsiella pneumoniae was performed by Carl Friedlander and Albert Frankelin andrespectively.
Nevertheless, in the third world, and among the very old, the very young and the chronically ill, pneumonia remains a leading cause of death Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung—especially affecting the microscopic air sacs alveoli —associated with fever, chest symptoms, and a lack of air space.
Pneumonia is typically caused by an infection but there are a number of other causes. Infectious agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Pneumonitis refers to lung inflammation; pneumonia refers to pneumonitis, usually due to infection.
Pneumonia essay is most commonly classified by where or how it was acquired community-acquired, aspiration, healthcare-associated, hospital-acquired, and ventilator- associated pneumoniabut may also be classified by the area of lung affected lobar pneumonia, bronchial pneumonia and acute interstitial pneumoniaor by the causative organism.
Pneumonia in children may additionally be classified based on signs and symptoms as non-severe, severe, or very severe.
Some causes of pneumonia are associated with classic, but non-specific, clinical characteristics. People with infectious pneumonia often have a productive cough, fever, accompanied by shaking chills, shortness of breath, sharp or stabbing chest pain during deep breaths, and an increased respiratory rate.
More severe signs and symptoms may include decreased thirst, convulsions, persistent vomiting, or a decreased level of consciousness. Pneumonia is primarily due to infections of virus and bacteria. Risk factors for infection depend on the organism involved.
Alcoholism is associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae, anaerobic organisms, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, smoking is associated with Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza etc. In adults, viruses account for approximately a third of pneumonia cases. Commonly implicated agents include: Fungal pneumonia is uncommon, but it may occur in individuals with weakened immune systems due to AIDS, immunosuppressive drugs, or other medical problems.
A variety of parasites can affect the lungs. The most common parasites causing pneumonia are Toxoplasma gondii, Strongyloides stercoralis and Ascariasis. Idiopathic Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia: Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia or noninfectious pneumonia are a class of diffuse lung diseases Pathophysiology: The alveolus on the left is normal, whereas the one on the right is full of tluid from pneumonia.
Pneumonia frequently starts as an upper respiratory tract infection that moves into the lower respiratory tract. Pneumonia is typically diagnosed based on a combination of physical signs and a chest X-ray. In adults, investigations are in general not needed in mild cases of pneumonia.
But in severe cases, pulse oximetry, chest radiography, and blood tests including a complete blood count, serum electrolytes, C-reactive protein, and possibly liver function tests are recommended. For those not responsive to treatment, sputum culture should be considered, and culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis should be carried out in those with a chronic productive cough.
Several diseases can be similar to pneumonia, including: Prevention includes vaccination, environmental measures, and appropriately treating the disease. Vaccination is effective for preventing certain bacterial and viral pneumonias in both children and adults.
Influenza vaccines are modestly effective against influenza A and B. When an influenza outbreak is occurring, medications such as amantadine, rimantadine, zanamivir, and oseltamivir can help prevent influenza.
A vaccine against Streptococcus pneumoniae is also available for adults. Reducing indoor air pollution is recommended along with no smoking. Typically, oral antibiotics, rest, simple analgesics, and fluids suffice for complete resolution.
Antibiotics like cephalosporins, carbapenems, fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, and vancomycinmay be recommended. These antibiotics, are often given intravenously, may be used in combination.Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: A Quantitative Research Study Vanesia Davis Kelly Grand Canyon University Intro to Nursing Research-NRS/V April 15, Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a bacterial infection that occurs in the lower respiratory system within the first 48 hours of endotrachal intubation (Lewis, Dirksen, Heitkemper, Bucher, & Camera, ).
Most common type of pneumonia is bacterial pneumonia & community-acquired pneumonia Introduction of Pneumonia * Caused by: inhaling germs & chemicals * Bacteria, Viruses, Fungui * Healthy people are able to fight off infections. * Sick people or those with upper respiratory illness are more prone to have bacteria growing in their lungs.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung—especially affecting the microscopic air sacs (alveoli)—associated with fever, chest symptoms, and a lack of air barnweddingvt.comnia is typically caused by an infection but there are a number of other causes. Pneumonia Nursing Essay Pneumonia is a disease that affects the lungs, causing them to become infected.
The lung’s air sacs get filled with pus, causing chills, fever, and breathing problems. Overview of Pneumonia - Pulmonary Disorders - Merck Manuals Professional EditionCase Studies · Back Pain · 3D Models · Health Care.
Pneumonia, an inflammation of the lungs caused by an barnweddingvt.com infection that it is caused by is a bacterial infection. It also, can be caused by viruses, fungi, or by breathing certain harmful chemicals, which irritate the tissues of the lung.