However betweenthere was resistance against Napoleon that made his downfall inevitable. The factors that led to the downfall of Napoleon were both internal and external, long term and immediate, his own making and circumstances beyond his control as seen below; 1.
During this time, Napoleon instituted a number of important Enlightened reforms. The most important of these is his Napoleonic Code, which provided freedom of religion, a uniform law codes, social and legal equality, property rights, and end feudal dues.
He also implemented a state-wide compulsory education, known as the University of France. In he ended dechristianization. The Empire [ edit ] Napoleonic Empire, France in dark blue, satellite states in light blue Napoleon declared himself French Emperor and became a military dictator.
Napoleon was undefeated against his three main continental enemies, defeating Austria, Russia, and Prussia multiple times. During his tenure, he took control of large amounts of mainland Europe. As a result, Napoleon employed the Continental System, a method of economic warfare.
He prohibited trade with the British by blockading all coasts of Europe from English export. Unfortunately for Napoleon, this failed, as the British still were able to smuggle goods into Europe, and were also able to trade with their colonies, Asia, and the United States.
Napoleon eliminated the Holy Roman Empire, and in consolidated it into 40 states and named it the Confederation of the Rhine. For the first time, Napoleon failed, as the Russian army employed scorched earth tactics to defeat Napoleon's army. Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba, but he managed to escape and return in in a period known as the Hundred Days.
Napoleon was then exiled to the island of Saint Helena where he died in The Congress of Vienna was incredibly lenient toward France. It imposed no reparations.
This was done because the allies desired a stable, prosperous France that would not threaten them with revolution or invasion. Rather, out of fear of revolution, he signed the Charter of that provided legal equality, offices open to all men, a two chamber parliament, Napoleonic civil code, and the abolition of feudalism.
While preserving the balance of power was still important, now much more prominently featured in war would be advocates of liberalism revolutionaries, republicans, nationalists versus conservatism or the "Old Regime" the monarchy, aristocrats, clergymen. At the Congress System the leading of nations of Europe worked together to prevent the outbreak of revolution in each nation.
A New Nationalism[ edit ] Many of the territories occupied by Napoleon during his Empire began to feel a new sense of nationalism.
During the occupation, Napoleon destroyed and disallowed many nations' individual cultures, and the people of these nations greatly resented this.Napoleon's invasions of other nations had the effect of spreading the concept of nationalism outside France.
After Napoleon's defeat and downfall, French nationalism from the 19th to early 20th century took on an assertive and extreme patriotism that supported military force to achieve its political goals.
For the first time, Napoleon failed, as the Russian army employed scorched earth tactics to defeat Napoleon's army. However, Napoleon quickly raised a new army, but this army was crushed by the Quadruple Alliance of England, Austria, Russia, and Prussia at the Battle of Nations/Leipzig in the downfall of napoleon By , Napoleon was so dominant in France and in Europe that no one prophesized about his downfall.
However between , there was resistance against Napoleon that made his downfall inevitable. nationalism had its strongest support from the middle class of Europe which was adversely affected by Napoleon's taxation and Continental System after Napoleon's judgment declined; for example, he believed that Moscow was the heart of Russia and that to capture it would lead to Russian defeat.
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Nov 20, · Great Britain was an island nation. Napoleon himself, in his memoirs, thought the Peninsular War a greater military failure than defeat in Russia (after which he .