Key words or phrases are written down while in the field. Field Notes Proper A description of the physical context and the people involved, including their behavior and nonverbal communication. Methodological Notes New ideas that the researcher has on how to carry out the research project.
Roles played by business managers are becoming increasingly more challenging as complexity in the business world grows. Business decisions are increasingly dependent on constraints imposed from outside the economy in which a particular business is based—both in terms of production of goods as well as the markets for the goods produced.
The impact of rapid technological change on innovation in products and processes, as well as in marketing and sales techniques, figures prominently among the factors contributing to the increasing complexity of the business environment.
Moreover, because of increased globalization of the marketplace, there is more volatility in both input and product prices.
The continuous changes in the economic and business environment make it ever more difficult to accurately evaluate the outcome of a business decision. In such a changing environment, sound economic analysis becomes all the more important as a basis of decision making. Managerial economics is a discipline that is designed to provide a solid foundation of economic understanding in order for business managers to make well-informed and well-analyzed managerial decisions.
Examples of questions that managerial economics attempts to answer are: What determines whether an aspiring business firm should enter a particular industry or simply start producing a new product or service?
Should a firm continue to be in business in an industry in which it is currently engaged or cut its losses and exit the industry?
Why do some professions pay handsome salaries, whereas some others pay barely enough to survive? How can the business best motivate the employees of a firm? The issues relevant to managerial economics can be further focused by expanding on the first two of the preceding questions.
Let us consider the first question in which a firm or a would-be firm is considering entering an industry. For example, what led Frederick W. Smith the founder of Federal Express, to start his overnight mail service? A service of this nature did not exist in any significant form in the United States, and people seemed to be doing just fine without overnight mail service provided by a private corporation.
One can also consider why there are now so many overnight mail carriers such as United Parcel Service and Airborne Express. The second example pertains to the exit from an industry, specifically, the airline industry in the United States.
Pan Am, a pioneer in public air transportation, is no longer in operation, while some airlines such as TWA Trans World Airlines are on the verge of exiting the airlines industry. Why, then, have many airlines that operate on international routes fallen on hard times, while small regional airlines seem to be doing just fine?
Managerial economics provides answers to these questions.
In order to answer pertinent questions, managerial economics applies economic theories, tools, and techniques to administrative and business decision-making.
The first step in the decision-making process is to collect relevant economic data carefully and to organize the economic information contained in data collected in such a way as to establish a clear basis for managerial decisions.Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Bachelor of Management Studies is an undergraduate course in management which is offered in time duration of 3-years.
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Field research, field studies, or fieldwork is the collection of raw data outside a laboratory, library, or workplace setting. The approaches and methods used in field research vary across barnweddingvt.com example, biologists who conduct field research may simply observe animals interacting with their environments, whereas social scientists conducting field research may interview or observe.
2 CASE STUDY RESEARCH design, analysis, and reporting issues--and not merely the more traditional focus on data collection or fieldwork. The overall goal of this book is .
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