The class struggle between the Populares party of the people and the Optimates the senatorial aristocracy resulted in internal revolution and rioting in the streets, which led to the Senate appointing dictators to keep the peace.
The election was dirty. Caesar canvassed Cicero for support, and made an alliance with the wealthy Lucceius, but the establishment threw its financial weight behind the conservative Bibulus, and even Catowith his reputation for incorruptibility, is said to have resorted to bribery in his favour.
Caesar and Bibulus were elected as consuls. Pompey Julius caesar campaign speech Crassus had been at odds since they were consuls together in 70 BC, and Caesar knew if he allied himself with one he would lose the support of the other, so he endeavoured to reconcile them.
Between the three of them, they had enough money and political influence to control public business. This informal alliance, known as the First Triumvirate rule of three menwas cemented by the marriage of Pompey to Caesar's daughter Julia.
Pompey filled the city with soldiers, and the triumvirate's opponents were intimidated. Bibulus attempted to declare the omens unfavourable and thus void the new law, but was driven from the forum by Caesar's armed supporters.
His lictors had their fasces broken, two tribunes accompanying him were wounded, and Bibulus himself had a bucket of excrement thrown over him.
In fear of his life, he retired to his house for the rest of the year, issuing occasional proclamations of bad omens. These attempts to obstruct Caesar's legislation proved ineffective.
Roman satirists ever after referred to the year as "the consulship of Julius and Caesar". When Caesar and Bibulus were first elected, the aristocracy tried to limit Caesar's future power by allotting the woods and pastures of Italy, rather than governorship of a province, as their proconsular duties after their year of office was over.
The term of his proconsulship, and thus his immunity from prosecution, was set at five years, rather than the usual one. Gallic Wars The Roman Republic in 40 BC after Caesar's conquests Caesar was still deeply in debt, and there was money to be made as a provincial governor, whether by extortion  or by military adventurism.
Caesar had four legions under his command, two of his provinces, Illyricum and Gallia Narbonensisbordered on unconquered territory, and independent Gaul was known to be unstable.
Rome's allies the Aedui had been defeated by their Gallic rivals, with the help of a contingent of Germanic Suebi under Ariovistuswho had settled in conquered Aeduan land, and the Helvetii were mobilising for a mass migration, which the Romans feared had warlike intent. Caesar raised two new legions and defeated first the Helvetii, then Ariovistus, and left his army in winter quarters in the territory of the Sequani, signaling that his interest in the lands outside Gallia Narbonensis would not be temporary.
The legality of this was dubious, as the Cisalpine Gauls were not Roman citizens. In response to Caesar's activities the previous year, the Belgic tribes of north-eastern Gaul had begun to arm themselves.
Caesar treated this as an aggressive move, and, after an inconclusive engagement against a united Belgic army, conquered the tribes piecemeal. Meanwhile, one legion, commanded by Crassus' son Publius, began the conquest of the tribes of the Armorican peninsula.
Rome was in turmoil, and Clodius' populist campaigns had been undermining relations between Crassus and Pompey. The meeting renewed the Triumvirate and extended Caesar's proconsulship for another five years. Crassus and Pompey would be consuls again, with similarly long-term proconsulships to follow: Syria for Crassus, the Hispanian provinces for Pompey.
Late that summer, having subdued the Morini and Menapii, he crossed to Britain, claiming that the Britons had aided the Veneti against him the previous year. His intelligence was poor, and although he gained a beachhead on the Kent coast he was unable to advance further, and returned to Gaul for the winter.
He advanced inland, establishing Mandubracius of the Trinovantes as a friendly king and bringing his rival, Cassivellaunusto terms. But poor harvests led to widespread revolt in Gaul, led by Ambiorix of the Eburonesforcing Caesar to campaign through the winter and into the following year.
With the defeat of Ambiorix, Caesar believed Gaul was now pacified. Caesar tried to resecure Pompey's support by offering him his great-niece Octavia in marriage, alienating Octavia's husband Gaius Marcellusbut Pompey declined. In 53 BC Crassus was killed leading a failed invasion of Parthia.
Rome was on the edge of violence. Pompey was appointed sole consul as an emergency measure, and married Corneliadaughter of Caesar's political opponent Quintus Metellus Scipio, whom he invited to become his consular colleague once order was restored.
The Triumvirate was dead. Vercingetorix managed to unite the Gallic tribes and proved an astute commander, defeating Caesar in several engagements including the Battle of Gergoviabut Caesar's elaborate siege-works at the Battle of Alesia finally forced his surrender.
Titus Labienus was Caesar's most senior legate during his Gallic campaigns, having the status of propraetor. Furger-Gunti considers an army of more than 60, fighting Helvetii extremely unlikely in the view of the tactics described, and assumes the actual numbers to have been around 40, warriors out of a total ofemigrants.Gaius Julius Caesar Commentaries on the Gallic War translated by W.A.
McDevitte and W.S. Bohn. New York: Harper & Brothers, The early career of Julius Caesar was characterized by military adventurism and political persecution. Julius Caesar was born on July 13, BC, into a patrician family, the gens Julia, which claimed descent from Iulus, son of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas, supposedly the son of the goddess Venus.
His father died early, and his family status . Julius Caesar “Julius Caesar accomplished many things, other than his usual victories in wars against other empires (Achievements of Julius Caesar 1).” He was an orator, a historian, a statesman, a lawgiver, and an army general.
barnweddingvt.com: The Conquest of Gaul (Penguin Classics) (): Jane P. Gardner, S. A.
Handford: Books. Gaius Julius Caesar (July 13, B.C.E. – March 15, 44 B.C.E.) was a Roman military and political leader whose role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire changed the course of Western civilization.
His conquest of Gaul extended the Roman world all the way to the. Home Essays Brutus Campaign Speech. Brutus Campaign Speech. Topics: Roman Republic, Julius Caesar was very surprised, and happy at this.
Another example of my credibility is that I am a prestige general. I have had the honor of fighting many battles, including against Julius Caesar himself.