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Formally known as the Republic of Ghana Orientation Identification. Ghana, formerly the British colony of the Gold Coast, assumes a special prominence as the first African country to acquire independence from European rule. Ghanaian politicians marked this important transition by replacing the territory's colonial label with the name of a great indigenous civilization of the past.
While somewhat mythical, these evocations of noble origins, in combination with a rich cultural heritage and a militant nationalist movement, have provided this ethnically diverse country with unifying symbols and a sense of common identity and destiny. Over forty years of Essays on ancient ghana and economic setbacks since independence have tempered national pride and optimism.
Yet, the Ghanaian people have maintained a society free from serious internal conflict and continue to develop their considerable natural, human, and cultural resources.
Ghana is located on the west coast of Africa, approximately midway between Senegal and Cameroon. The land surface of 92, square milessquare kilometers is dominated by the ancient Precambrian shield, which is rich in mineral resources, such as gold and diamonds.
The land rises gradually to the north and does not reach an altitude of more than 3, feet meters. The Volta River and its basin forms the major drainage feature; it originates in the north along two widely dispersed branches and flows into the sea in the eastern part of the country near the Togolese border.
The Volta has been dammed at Akosombo, in the south, as part of a major hydroelectric project, to form the Lake Volta. Several smaller rivers, including the Pra and the Tano, drain the regions to the west. Highland areas occur as river escarpments, the most extensive of which are the Akwapim-Togo ranges in the east, the Kwahu escarpment in the Ashanti region, and the Gambaga escarpment in the north.
Ghana's subequatorial climate is warm and humid, with distinct alternations between rainy summer and dry winters.
The duration and amount of rainfall decreases toward the north, resulting in a broad differentiation between two regions— southern rain forest and northern savanna—which form distinct environmental, economic, and cultural zones.
The southern forest is interrupted by a low-rainfall coastal savanna that extends from Accra eastward into Togo. The population in was approximately 20 million and was growing at a rate of 3 percent per year.
Approximately two-thirds of the people live in the rural regions and are involved in agriculture.
Settlement is concentrated within the "golden triangle," defined by the major southern cities of Accra the capitalKumasi, and Sekondi-Takoradi. Additional concentrations occur in the northernmost districts, especially in the northeast. The population is almost exclusively African, as Ghana has no history of intensive European settlement.
There is a small Lebanese community, whose members settled in the country as traders. Some of the better established immigrant groups include many Ghanaian-born members, who are nevertheless classified as "foreign" according to Ghana's citizenship laws.
Ghana's national language is English, a heritage of its former colonial status. It is the main language of government and instruction. Ghana Ghanaians speak a distinctive West African version of English as a standard form, involving such usages as chop eat and dash gift.
English is invariably a second language. Mother tongues include over sixty indigenous languages. Akan is the most widely spoken and has acquired informal national language status.
In addition to the large number of native speakers, many members of other groups learn Akan as a second language and use it fluently for intergroup communication. Ga-Adangme and Ewe are the next major languages.
Hausa, a Nigerian language, is spoken as a trade language among peoples from the north. Many Ghanaians are multilingual, speaking one or two indigenous languages beside their native dialects and English. Although Ghana is bounded by francophone nations on all sides, few Ghanaians are proficient in French.The ancient empire of Ghana was located in the western Sudan, at least miles from modern Ghana.
It included parts of modern Mali, Mauritania, and barnweddingvt.com empire arose around the 3rd century B.C.
and flourished for more than a thousand years. Access to over , complete essays and term papers; Fully built bibliographies and works cited; One-on-one writing assistance from a professional writer; Essays Related to Ghana. 1. Ghana. One of the first African countries to gain independence was Ghana, in Ghana's economy is based mainly on agriculture and mining.
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Brief History Modern Ghana takes its name from the ancient kingdom of Ghana that flourished, north of the present day state, between the 4th and 11th centuries A.D.
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Ghana was a kingdom in Africa that lasted from the 6th to the 13th century CE, located south of the Sahara desert and northwest of the Niger River.