Collapse of Industrial Civilization Civilizations are living organisms striving to survive and develop through predictable stages of birth, growth, maturation, decline and death.
News million already live on less than a dollar a day. Indians are aware of the need for birth control, but too many remain ignorant of contraception methods or are unwilling to discuss them. Each state differs so widely in economic and social development that it is difficult to speak of the country as a whole.
Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai are three of the world's ten most polluted cities.
Policy-makers used to think that development would be the best contraceptive, with little attention given to planning a widespread population policy - except in the late s when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi suspended the constitution, and people were forcibly sterilized.
This terrified ordinary people so much that the country's population policy stagnated for decades. Nevertheless, India's fertility rate has dropped in 50 years from 6 to 3. And 30 million people want to use contraceptives--but have no access to them.
In India, there are many strengths it can build on: Economic liberalization has opened up the country and given a boost to some of the most innovative entrepreneurs in the world.
Businesses have geared up for international competition. Exports have gone up, investments have poured in. Armed forces that are modernized and well equipped, and with a nuclear capability, the country is also a military giant.
The country stands on the threshold of becoming a powerful regional, if not world, power. For this to happen, India's politicians and policy-makers will need the political gumption to initiate a bold population policy.
Democracy Not Enough to Combat Population and Poverty December 23, In the City of Bombay, more than half of the 15 million people sleep on sidewalks or live in mud-and-tin huts.
For many of its poor people, every child is a potential wage earner: The film shows the Lepchas struggle against the damming of the Teesta River and the destruction of the Dzongu region. Dzongu, on the banks of the Teesta, overlooks the sacred Khangchendzonga the worlds third highest mountain and is home to red pandas, snow leopards, and the famous Khangchendzonga National Park.
The Lepcha are waiting in apprehension for the harbingers of development the giant bulldozers, the heavy cranes, the polluting crushers. The film asks whether the dams being built in the name of development will destroy the Lepchas culture, identity and socio-economic fabric.
It questions whether the construction of dams on the Teesta will leave the Lepcha homeless and disconnected from their mountains and hills, their sacred rocks and springs, their forests and streams. The film seeks to uncover who loses and who benefits from this kind of development.
When aquifers in India are depleted by overpumping necessitated by its large population, the country turns to other ways of obtaining water, including damming of rivers from the Himalayas.
Energy for India's fast-growing middle class is another factor driving the building of dams. Demographic Dividend Can Become a Liability for India August 23,India Today Under the Indira Gandhi government, a policy error pushed for population control through a programme of coercive sterilisation.
The reaction to that policy created the concept of coalition government in India, and resulted in a population explosion which ended up creating the demographic dividend a couple of decades later. From this demographic dividend came a young, educated, eager- to- work population that has powered Indian IT companies to the global top league, pushed India's automotive sector to world scale volumes, and helped build the steeland- glass symbols of India's growing economic might in our mushrooming cities.
But if the factors which make having a younger working population such a great competitive advantage — energy, drive, ambition — are not channelized productively, they can explode into anarchy and destruction.
For example, in England this summer, riots flared into an orgy of mindless violence and looting. Most of the rioters and looters were youth with little or no role to play in the sustaining of Britain as one of the world's largest economies.
InJet Airways, caught in the unexpected turbulence set off by the global financial meltdown, tried to sack 1, staff, most of them fresh recruits meant to man the cabins of its growing fleet. The sacked staff took to the streets and approached a rabble- rousing political party.
For the first time, India saw smart, educated, middle class boys and girls take to the street to voice their anger.
Fortuitously, since that recession didn't last too long. But now things may be worse than and an estimated million Indians were under the age of 25 as of These post- reform children do not understand shortages or lack of services or infrastructure. But they are young, and youth is the age of rebellion.
So far they did not really have anything to rebel against. But hand them a concept they can relate to — and the idea of rebelling against an amorphous, anonymously evil idea like corruption is something young people can easily relate to — and they can explode.
The Great Indian Paradox April 30,Population Institute Can India's impressive economic growth keep pace with the needs and demands of a still rapidly growing population? Its population has reached the 1. Despite a continuing decline in fertility rate, India's population may not stabilize until or later.
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