These elements, including imaginary events which define fiction or literature, and the real events or statistics that comprise history, make it difficult to define The Jungle, as they are tightly interwoven throughout the novel. However, with the aid of a theoretical model for analyzing narrative, fiction, and historical writing provided by writers such as Hayden White and E.
To Tickle or To Skewer? Maybe, as a collective, the American public simply resists casting itself as responsible in any way, for the exploitation of an entire class of working immigrants. As a tangent, it's also possible that the didactic lessons on Socialism were too indirect for the mass public to see its own role, as consumers, in perpetuating the cycle of capital's exploitation of labor.
In other words, Joe the Plumber doesn't really see himself as having a role at all in The Jungle. This being the case, however, this work focuses on the role of Sinclair's tone in the novel—which, of course, begs the question of whether or not a different tone might be more effective.
A lighter tone, perhaps. Maybe even a humorous one? One might conjecture that to shed light on the issues of wage slavery in a humorous tone it might be necessary to be somewhat opaque as opposed to outright didacticism.
It's certainly written in a playful tone, but not without complex theoretical discourse.
And the notion of work—cheating at work, lack of work, the need to work or not, compensation for work, and satisfaction with work, or lack thereof—plays a huge role in the theme of the narrative. In their book Tom Robbins: Working with a substantial body of foundational political criticism, including Marx, Gramsci, and Althusser, while integrating these political ideas with contemporary research into the effect of humor on communication, comprehension, emotion and learning, this work joins in an ongoing conversation, and contributes to the discourse surrounding the intersection of these two ideas.
However, theoretical work addressing the use of humor as a didactic strategy in literature is thin, and two of the major contributions to the conversation in this paper are not journal articles or book chapters, but doctoral dissertations.
Furthermore, those dissertations have a gap of almost 30 years between them. However, the academy has largely ignored a vast corpus of satirical work, particularly that produced in the postmodern epoch.
The work done so far in this area both opens a space and points to the need for further research into the intersection of humor with political didacticism in literature. In other words, what Althusser is describing is the invisibility of a naturalized ideology, which is instituted at maintained, according to Althusser, by the state apparatuses such as school, churches, and government.
The notion of political hegemony and the ideological state apparatuses collides with the notion of humor as a dissident strategy where humor theory asserts that one of the most prominent forms of humor and humor response occurs when the joke violates a social norm, prohibition, or taboo.
Recognition of the transgression, combined with an appreciation or affinity for the worldview that transgresses whatever social norm or taboo that is violated, produces the humor response, that the humor response—or appreciation of the joke—provides a bridge that enables for the serious entertainment of subversive ideas.
Two studies in the field of humor theory lend credence and support to the thesis that humor serves as such a bridge. Humor in The Analects" argues that Confucius utilized often self-deprecating humor as a political strategy for diffusing hostilities, and obscuring his own uncertainties.
InRonald A. However, degradation as Bakhtin employs the term should not be misconstrued as a diminutizing or dismissive term. For Robbins, in Frog Pajamas, this degradation through humor also locates itself in base bodily functions such as urination, defication, sex, and rectal cancer.
Following in the tradition of scatological humor Robbins connects the rubric of elimination with that of procreation—in fact one of the earliest sexual innuendos made in the novel is the suggestion that when the main character urinates she will be reminded of her new love-interest, as they have both eaten asparagus and will therefore have matching urinary odor.
Furthermore, Robbins infuses this scatological romp with a dose of class-consciousness by conflating the reproductive functions of the lower body with the rhetoric of capitol. Value is measured in dollars. Even religion is being supplanted by capital: Faith, rather, is diverted—for many.Less entertaining, it critiques both capitalism and Maoism to an extent, but is primarily concerned with its stated purpose: a family making it, alive, through the various periods of upheaval, and take from it .
Upton Sinclair's novel 'The Jungle' explores the evils of capitalism in order to promote the cause of socialism.
The labor force is being abused, . Boxer’s motto, in response to the increased labors on Animal Farm, of “I will work harder” is an exact echo of the immigrant Jurgis Rudkus’s motto, in response to financial problems, in Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle.
Upton Sinclair’s famous book “The Jungle,” which covers the brutality of factory workers’ jobs in Chicago, was originally printed as a serial in “The Appeal to Reason.”.
But just as The Jungle was seen as an attack on the meatpacking industry, Sinclair's perceived views on capitalism and socialism endured more so than his actual message. Too many people are unable to separate a political system from an economic system.
Read The Jungle (Upton Sinclair) for free • Full-text! That was the competitive wage system; and if Jurgis wanted to understand what Socialism was, it was there he had best begin. "Ten years ago Henry D. Lloyd told all the truth about the Standard Oil Company in his Wealth versus Commonwealth; and the book was allowed to die, and you.