Overview[ edit ] Ants of the genus Atta are leafcutter ants that comprise one of the two genera of leafcutting ants within the tribe Attinialong with Acromyrmex. Atta is one of the most spectacular of the attines, with colonies that can comprise in excess of one million individuals. Every caste has a specific function, and some remarkably advanced phenomena have been observed in Atta species.
There are quite a few different types ranging from slim ant farms to simple jars which we will discuss here. You can make any type of nest more elaborate by connecting several containers with plastic tubes clear by cutting a whole in the container and attaching the plastic tubes using a glue gun. The slim ant farm with dirt The majority of ant species in temperate regions nest in the ground.
When you are keeping these ants, it is a most natural habitat if you provide your ants with some dirt. In order for you to be able to see the ants, you would want an ant farm made from glass or acrylic plastic.
Slim containers also make it more likely that you will see the ants, but you have to be aware that they will likely try to tunnel away from the glass. To encourage the ants to tunnel near the glass, you can cover it up with aluminum foil when you are not watching them. It is really important that the container is well sealed and your ants don't escape and find themselves a new nest somewhere in your apartment.
Unless you are a skilled do-it-yourselfer, you may want to buy an ant farm from a store, because they can be quite tricky to make. You should definitely check out some websites on the net to give you some ideas. Here are some youtube videos providing step-by-step instructions for a great ant farm using old CD cases video 1 and video 2.
Also a simple way to construct a glass ant farm can be found here. You have to make sure that the substrate is kept moist, but not wet, in order for the ants not to dry out, but also not to drown. So before you fill your ant farm with the substrate, make sure that the substrate is moist.
Slightly spray it with water and mix it. Sand and soil in equal amounts is a good mixture, but sift the dirt before you use it so it is loose.
You can buy sand in aquarium shops and soil in flower supplies if you don't have anything suitable at home. There are some shops on the internet that sell ant farms filled with a blue gel.
These types of ant farms are for short term keeping of ants because you cannot replace, refill or clean the blue gel, but these kinds of ant farms can be very fun and educational for children and adults alike.
This is a glass ant farm that was constructed in the lab of Robert A. An ant farm from a jar filled with dirt Another way to make an ant farm with dirt is just to use a jar. You can take an old peanut butter jar glass or plasticclean it out really well and remove the stickers soak it over night and use some soap.
Fill this jar about half full with dirt, again you can use a mixture of sand and soil sift the soil in any case in equal amounts. For ventilation, you should cut a whole in the lid and cover it with mesh.
You should not use a fabric net in this ant farm model, because the ants can bite through the net and escape.
Attach the mesh using a glue gun. See section below on feeding ants.European fire ants (also known as European red ants, Myrmica rubra) are very small (3/16 th of an inch long) red ants that are a pest for people and their pets, and a threat to the environment.
These ants have a native range that extends from Great Britain to Siberia and from the Black Sea to the Arctic. Frontier mutualism: coevolutionary patterns at the northern range limit of barrier for leaf-cutter ants (ocean between mainland North America and Cuba).
The latter suggests that from the ﬁve leaf-cutter ant species from the USA, Mexico and Cuba. Advances in Insect Physiology Volume 33 This page intentionally left blank Advances in Insect Physiology edited by S.
J. Simpson School of Biological Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Volume Chapter 14 Ecology. TEST 2 Mutualism and Commensalism.
STUDY. PLAY. The leaf cutter ants and fungus cannot survive without each other, and both have evolved unique. features that benefit the other species. the ant lives in a the large thorns of the tree, and the tree produces HIGH PROTIEN BELTIAN BODIES of the leaf tips, which the ants.
Overview: Atta cephalotes is the most widely distributed species of leaf cutting ant. It occurs from southernmost Mexico to Ecuador and Brazil, and from the Lesser Antilles as far north as Bardbados (Holldobler & Wilson, ).
- Lasius species (ground nesters; native to temperate regions) Lasius niger is the most common garden ant in temperate Europe, and there are some very common species in North America, too.
- Camponotus species (often very big ants! ground nesters or nest in twigs; native to tropical and temperate regions), but these are carpenter ants so be.